A landlocked country bordered by Libya, Central African Republic, Sudan, and Niger to the north, south, east, and west, respectively, Chad or officially known as Republic of Chad is the fifth largest country in Africa based on area. Divided into regions, parts of the country have deserts, an arid Sahelian belt, and a fertile Sudanese savannah zone. Chad’s animal life consists of elephants, lions, buffalos, hippopotamuses, rhinoceroses, giraffes, antelopes, leopards, cheetahs, and hyenas, in addition to snakes to be found in various areas.
With more than 200 distinct ethnic groups, Chad is a melting pot of cultures and social structures. The country’s official business languages are French and Arabic but it uses an approximate of over 120 indigenous languages and dialects. The indigenous languages are divided into four to five types, with some unclassifieds. The classified categories of Chad indigenous languages are the Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Afro-Asiatic languages, and Creole languages. Niger-Congo languages include Adamawa languages; Nilo-Saharan languages include Maban, Fur, Saharan, and Bongo-Bagirmi languages; Afro-Asiatic languages include Semitic and Chadic languages; Creole languages are Babalia Creole Arabic and Sango; with the addition of an unclassified Laal language.
Where to go
When in Chad, there are N'Djamena, Fada, and Moundou attractions. Among the top destinations within the country include Musee National N’Djamena or National Museum, Grand Marche or Central Market, Avenue Charles de Gaulle, Guelta d'Archei, Brahim Wodji, and Gala Brewery. In addition, some of the main tourist spots also include Lake Chad, Tibesti Mountains, Zakouma National Park, Tousside, Tarsa Toh, Manda National Park, Aouk National Park, and Tibesti Soda Lake.
N'Djamena International Airport only operates short haul flights to destinations that include Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire via Port Bouet Airport; Cotonou, Benin via Cadjehoun Airport; Paris, France via Charles de Gaulle Airport; Abuja, Nigeria via Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport; Douala, Cameroon via Douala International Airport; and Lome, Togo via Lomé–Tokoin Airport, among others. These flights are estimated to last from two hours to five hours, depending on the airport, airline, and destination.
There are currently no long haul flights from N'Djamena International Airport, the main airport that serves Chad. It is recommended to get to Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France, or to Istanbul Atatürk Airport in Istanbul, Turkey, and from there fly to destinations such as Toronto, Canada; Saint Petersburg, Russia; Seoul, South Korea; and Mumbai, India, via airlines such as Aeroflot, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air, Turkish Airlines, Air France, and Air Canada, among others.
How to get out
Chad or the Republic of Chad has multiple airports, although the main airport that serves N’Djamena, the capital city of Chad, is the N’Djamena International Airport. Among the airlines that operate flights from N’Djamena include Air Côte d'Ivoire with its flights to Abidjan and Cotonou; Air France to Paris; ASKY Airlines to Abuja and Lomé; Camair-Co to Douala; EgyptAir to Cairo; Ethiopian Airlines to Addis Ababa; Royal Air Maroc to Casablanca; Sudan Airways to Kano and Khartoum; and Turkish Airlines to Istanbul; together with Toumaï Air Tchad, with its seasonal flights to Jeddah.