Maine is a state in the New England region of the north-eastern United States known for its rugged, indented, mostly rocky coastline and glacier-carved, forested interior, rolling mountains, and stunning waterways. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south, New Hampshire to the west, and the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the northwest and New Brunswick to the northeast. The state is the northernmost and easternmost portion of New England. Its capital is Augusta, its largest city is Portland, and its largest metro is Portland-South Portland-Biddeford. Maine has a total land area of 35,385 square miles (91,646 square kilometres) and a population of 1,330,089, as of 2014. It experiences a humid continental climate with warm, humid summers and cold and snowy winters throughout the state.
What to see & do
There are plenty of sights and activities to enjoy while in Maine. Go whale watching, lake and ocean swimming, sea/river kayaking or canoeing, whitewater canoeing, fishing (a licence is required if you’re going to fish in fresh water), surfing, hiking, camping, bicycling, snowmobiling, historical site-seeing, among others. See the “Indian Summer”, the colourful foliage of the New England autumn, known locally as Fall. Check out the beautiful Acadia National Park, where you can see the state’s stunning coastal landscape; the remote boreal North Maine Woods if you prefer the peace and quiet of nature; tour around Midcoast Maine; and see Western Maine’s lakes and mountains, which border the state line with New Hampshire, where you can find a picturesque scene of staggering natural beauty. Don’t forget to try out Maine’s lobsters, which are served in numerous and various ways, including the more traditional clam bake (with layers steamer clams, mussels, lobsters, potatoes, onions, and corn over seaweed, steamed altogether with saltwater), and the more unique ones, which preparations include lobster stew, lobster casserole, and lobster pie.
How to get around within Maine
Driving a car around Maine is essential, as there are only a number of public roads in the area north and west of Bangor. Although private land owners allow access through the ten checkpoints of these roads, permits are required for each and hours vary. Public transportation available in the state is by bus, via companies like Greyhound Lines, Concord Trailways, and Cyr Bus Lines. Campers can also rent Volkswagen Westfalia.
How to get there
There are numerous airports in the state of Maine, five of which offer commercial services. These are Bangor International Airport, Hancock County-Bar Harbor Airport, Portland International Jetport, Northern Maine Regional Airport at Presque Isle, and Knox County Regional Airport. There are many airlines that provide direct flights to Portland and Bangor from most major cities in the north-eastern parts of the country. Some of these airlines are Allegiant Air, Delta Connection, United Express, and US Airways Express. Other ways of getting in are by bus via Amtrak-operated Downeaster from cities like Boston and New Brunswick; or by car, via Boston, which is the major gateway to Maine for visitors from overseas or the rest of the United States. These highways include Interstate 95 (I-95), its easterly branch I-295 and spurs 195, 395, and the unsigned I-495; U.S. Route 1, US 2, Maine State Route 6 (Route 6), and Route 9.