Taoyuan International Airport is a public airport owned by the Government of the Republic of China and operated by the Taoyuan International Airport Corporation. Located approximately 40 kilometres west of Taipei in Dayuan District in Taoyuan City, the airport serves Taipei, Taoyuan, and Hsinchu, and the northern parts of Taiwan. Taoyuan International Airport is the largest and busiest airport in the country. It serves as a main international hub for China Airlines and EVA Air, as well as a hub for Tigerair Taiwan, TransAsia Airways, and V Air, and as a focus city for Cathay Pacific.
Formerly known as Chiang Kai-Shek International Airport, Taoyuan International Airport is a significant regional trans-shipment centre, passenger hub, and gateway for destinations in China and other parts of Asia. The airport resides at an elevation of 33 metres or 108 feet above mean sea level and has a concrete runway and an asphalt concrete runway.
Taoyuan International Airport has two terminals (Terminals 1 and 2) that are connected by a people mover system called TTIA Skytrain. There also have been plans for a third terminal, while a rapid transit system is currently under construction, which is expected to link the terminals together underground.
Terminal 1 is a five-storey terminal and is the original passenger terminal of the airport. It had 22 gates; 11 gates are situated on the north end of the airfield facing the north runway (Concourse A), and the remaining 11 is situated on the south end of the airfield facing the south runway (Concourse B). The two concourses that house the gates are connected via a main building wherein the check-in areas are located, along with baggage claim, passport immigration areas, and security checkpoint areas. When Terminal 2 was built, some gates from Terminal 1 were removed to allocate space for the other terminal. Currently, Terminal 1 has 18 gates. China Airlines uses Concourse A for most of its flights in Terminal 1. Concourse B is used by Cathay Pacific.
Terminal 2 was built to minimise congestion in Terminal 1. It has the North Concourse (Concourse D) and the South Concourse (Concourse C), which have 10 gates each. The security checkpoints are located in front of the passport control, in the central part of the Terminal. China Airlines uses Concourse D, while EVA Air uses Concourse C.
Services and Facilities
Both terminals of Taoyuan International Airport have their respective shopping and dining areas and car-parking facilities. The airport also has an Airport Business Centre, which is three-storey building located between the terminals. The centre caters to business travellers that pay to use facility in order to drive into the airport’s restricted zone where they can park their cars directly in front of the building. The business centre has more than 15 isolated areas where travellers can eat their meals without being interrupted. In addition, the centre also features a spa, sauna, and gymnasium.
At the fourth floor of the departures hall of both terminals is the More International Business Centre and Premium Lounge that provides conference rooms. Additionally, Cathay Pacific, TransAsia Airways, Thai Airways, China Airlines, Japan Airlines, EVA Air, and Singapore Airlines also operate their respective lounges for First Class and Business Class passengers.
Other facilities and establishments within and near Taoyuan International Airport also include the Aviation Museum, located in the south-eastern area of the airport between the main freeway entrance and the terminals. There are also airport hotels such as Evergreen Transit Hotel (Departure Transit Lounge, fourth floor of Terminal 2), Novotel Taipei Taoyuan International Airport (five minutes from the airport via free airport shuttle), and City Suites Gateway (three minutes from the airport; no airport shuttle).